How does LLMO work?
- Bacteria compete for nutrients in the water.
- Bacteria convert carbon compounds (sludge) to CO2.
- Denitrification occurs under anaerobic conditions (NO3 to NO2 to N2).
- LLMO bacteria, which consume phosphate, are utilized by protozoa. The protozoa are ultimately utilized by fish.
- Phosphates also can be permanently precipitated or chelated to bottom.
LLMO N-1 (Nitrifiers)
Contains mixture of nitrifying, denitrifying bacteria and nutrient components:
NH3 to NO2 by Nitrosomonas
NO2 to NO3 by Nitrobacteria
Denitrification, oxidation of carbohydrates, organic acids, fats, oils, proteins and starches
NH3 to NO2 to N2 by Bacillus subtillus,
B. licheniformis, B. amyloliquefaciens
LLMO S1 (Sludge Reduction)
Contain heterotrophic bacteria capable of degrading organic sediment and removal of BOD (sludge removal)
B. subtillus, B. licheniformis, B. amyloliquefaciens Cellulmonas sp., C. biazotea, Pseudomonas stutzeri,
and P. denitrificans
Proprietary blend of nutrient components to support growth of L-1 and N-1 bacteria in liquid form.
LLMO PNA (Powdered Nitrifier Activator)
Proprietary blend of nutrient components to support growth of L-1 and N-1 bacteria in dry form.
Simple incubator with aeration and heat for growth of LLMO.